What is CT?


Combined Transport (CT), often referred to synonymously as “Intermodal Transport”, is described by the UN/ECE in 2001 as follows:

Intermodal Transport: transportation of goods in one and the same loading unit or in the same road vehicle with one or more traffic carriers. A handling of the loading unit takes place but not of the goods themselves. The term "Intermodality" further defines a transportation system where two or more traffic carriers are employed in order to complete the same loading unit or the same traffic carrier in an integrated way as a door-to-door transport chain, without any additional loading or unloading.

Combined Transport: An intermodal transport, where the major part of the distance travelled in Europe is completed by rail, internal waterway or seagoing vessel. The pre- and the end haulage are kept as short as possible (see Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE), "TERMINOLOGIE DES KOMBINIERTEN VERKEHRS", UNITED NATIONS, New York / Geneva, 2001).

There are many definitions of the term “Combined Transport” (CT) that normally associate the phenomenon with a specific form of appearance. Consistent characteristics in all of the definitions that are considered to be constitutive for Combined Transport are:

The presence of an intermodal transport chain and a standardized loading unit

The change of a shipment between different modes of transport (road, rail, inland waterway or sea)

The systematic facilitation of change between the modes of transport

The Standard Loading Unit, considered the most important characteristic of Combined Transport, can be transported by road, rail, waterway and sea and can be transshipped without additional technical effort. The quality of the Standard Loading Unit normally ensures easy transshipment and is adapted to the specific transport conditions of the different modes of transport.

Combined Transport offers advantages over conventional transport (normally by truck) especially from a social and ecological perspective. Through the integration of different modes of transport the advantages of bulk good transportation systems, e.g. by rail or ship, are extended on markets that are traditionally handled by trucks. By means of that combination, the efficiency of the individual traffic systems can be increased and through full utilization of the modes of transport the impact on the environment can be reduced.

You will find more detailed information in our brochure (German):

A CT Terminal

Combined Transport

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